Human trafficking is the recruitment, harboring, transporting, obtaining, or maintaining of a person by means of force, fraud, or coercion for purposes of involuntary servitude, debt bondage, slavery, or commercial sex act.
While it is difficult to quantify the number of victims of human trafficking because the crime is inherently underground, the International Labour Organization estimates that 40 million people were victims of modern slavery in 2017. Of those 40 million, 25 million people are victims of forced labor (16 million in private sector exploitation, 4.8 million in sexual exploitation, and over 4 million in forced labor by state authorities) and 15 of forced marriage. This comes out to be an average of 5.4 victims of trafficking for every 1,000 people in the world.
Anyone can be a victim of human trafficking, though some populations of individuals, given their positions in society, are more vulnerable to trafficking. These populations include:
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